☏ +34 93 665 85 96  |  ✑ info@spectrum-ifa.com

Tax in France – what needs to be declared

By Katriona Murray-Platon - Topics: France, French Tax Changes, tax advice, Tax in France
This article is published on: 6th May 2021

No-one needs reminding that 2020 was a year like no other. Our lives were changed in many ways and this had an effect on our finances. Luckily there were many government schemes and initiatives to help people overcome the financial difficulties suffered in lockdown and because of the health restrictions. However now that 2021 tax season is upon us, what now needs to be declared?

Salaried workers bonus is tax exempt
Last year some salaried workers may have received a consumer bonus which is exempt from tax up to €1000 (or €2000 if there is an interest agreement/“accord d’intéressement”) Public workers and health workers also received a bonus which is exempt up to €1500.

Overtime hours are usually exempt up to €5000 per year, however the exemption threshold has been increased to €7500 for those hours carried out between the beginning of lockdown (16th March 2020) and the last day of the emergency health state set at 10th July 2020. This applies to salaried workers in the public and private sector as well as those under special regimes. All exempt overtime must still be declared on the tax form and will be included in the tax income reference rate for the tax household.

The Ministry for Economy and Public Accounts has announced that the payments paid by companies to their employees to cover the costs of working from home are exempt from tax up to €2.50 per day worked at home and up to €50 per month for 20 days and €550 per year.

Salaried workers who choose to deduct their actual costs rather than applying the flat 10% abatement on their salaries, can still choose this options without supplying supporting documents however these deductions may not be so beneficial depending on your level of salary. As always it is best looking at both options and seeing which works best for you.

tax deductions

Charitable gifts in 2020
Although things were hard for many people last year, it was also a year, more than ever to help those less fortunate. Gifts given in 2020 to humanitarian organisations and victims of domestic violence result

in a tax credit of 75% of the amounts donated up to a maximum threshold of donations of €1000. Over this threshold and for donations given to other organisations (including political parties), the rules haven’t changed, the tax reduction is 66% for such donations and he maximum threshold is 20% of the taxable income. The excess can be carried over over the next 5 years and results in a tax reduction under the same conditions.

Independent workers
Companies and individual tradespeople benefitted a lot from the government help last year. Fortunately the financial help granted by the solidarity fund to companies most affected by the health crisis, the exceptional financial help to independents (CPSTI RCI COVID 19) and those paid by the additional pension schemes of independent professionals and lawyers (CNAVPL and CNBF) are all exempt from income tax. The other help from public or private entities are taxable if there is no specific legal provision that exempting them otherwise.

Auto-entrepreneurs and micro-entrepreneurs who were exempt from paying part of their social charges must include in their tax declaration the turnover figure that was not declared to URSSAF because of this exemption.

Home help tax credit – changes to the conditions
The home help services normally give rise to a tax credit of 50% of the amount paid out. These expenses are deductible up to €12,000 (plus €1500 per dependent and person over 65 years, up to a maximum of €15,000). However in 2020, during lockdown some of these services had to be temporarily suspended or even cancelled, or in certain circumstances could be carried out online.

If you employed someone carry out a service in your home, you may have benefitted from the partial compensation for the hours that your employee was unable to carry out during lockdown. These compensated hours cannot benefit from the normal tax credit and if you nonetheless paid your employee their salary even though they couldn’t actually work, this cannot be used for the tax credit (it is classified as a solidarity donation).

Exceptionally, some services, which in principle took place in the home, but were in fact carried out remotely because of the health crisis, still give rise to the tax credit under the same conditions as other home help services. These include online additional schooling support lessons and individual lessons (gym, music etc) given to adults or children. The Ministry of Economy and Finance has specified that these services “must have involved a minimum amount of effective interaction, implying a physical presence of the person supplying the service at one end of the screen/telephone line and the be specifically given to the person paying for the service at home”. This therefore does not include online group lessons or watching pre-recorded videos online. This derogation applies throughout the time that people were not allowed to go out either because of lockdown or curfew.

property rental income

Professional landlords who waived rent
If you are a professional landlord and you waived the rent of your tenants for a commercial or professional premises rented to a company that was difficulty because of the Covid crisis, you can still deduct your

expenses (ownership expenses and mortgage interest). You also can carry forward your rental loss, up to €10,700, on your overall income. The additional loss – and the part of the deficit arising from the mortgage interest – will be carried forward and deducted from your income over the following 10 years.

There is also a specific tax credit if you definitively waived rent for November 2020 only (not any of the other months in 2020). The tenant company must have employed at least 5000 employees and have been closed to the public (even if they were able to do click and collect) or to have carried out its business in one of the sectors of business that were eligible for the solidarity fund as listed in Decree no 202-371 of 30.03.2020 (hotels, travel industry for example).

Furthermore the tenant company must not have been in financial difficulty on 31st December 2019 or have been under court ordered administration proceedings as at 1st March 2020. The tax credit is equal to half of the unpaid rent if the company employed less than 250 employees. If the number of employees was between 250 and 5000, the 50% is calculated on the two thirds of the rent. If the tenant company is managed by an ascendent, descendant or member of your tax household, you must justify the cash flow problems in order to deduct your expenses and get the tax credit.

Voluntary retirement contributions
You can deduct from your total income the sums paid into a retirement scheme such as PER, PERP or Préfon up to the normal deduction limits. If you have opened a PER for your child (whether a minor or of age but still within your tax household) you can deduct the payments even if they payments were paid by your own parents (the child’s grandparents) Children have their own deduction amounts even though it is not necessarily stated on the tax return.

Article by Katriona Murray-Platon

If you are based in the Poitou Charentes, Limousin & Aquitaine area you can contact Katriona at: katey.murray@spectrum-ifa.com for more information. If you are based in another area within Europe, please complete the form below and we will put a local adviser in touch with you.

Contact Katriona Murray-Platon direct about: "Tax in France – what needs to be declared"

    The Spectrum IFA Group is committed to building long term client relationships. This form collects your name and contact details so we can contact you about this specific enquiry. For further information, please see our Privacy Policy.
     
    If you are in the Poitou Charentes, Limousin & Aquitaine area

    Click here to contact
    Katriona Murray-Platon
    If you are based elsewhere

    Click here to contact
    The Spectrum IFA Group